@jauhar123 | Posted 30 May. 2019
Cancer is a life-threatening disease. There are various types of cancer treatment. The kind of treatment that a patient receives depends on the type of cancer they have and what stage it is at.
While most people with cancer have a combination of treatments, some people have only one treatment. The combination might be surgery with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. There is a lot to know and consider before going for cancer treatment.
It is normal to feel anxious and confused. But, talking with the doctor and learning about the types of treatment they may have can help feel in control. You can read about them in an oncology journal.
Types Of Treatments For Cancer
Surgery is a procedure that is used to treat cancer in which a surgeon removes cancer from the patient’s body. During the diagnosis, the doctor often performs a biopsy to know what type of cancer the patient has and its stage.
Surgery is most commonly used when cancer hasn’t spread throughout the body. In such a case, the surgeon has a greater success rate of removing or eliminating it. With the help of experts in the field, the condition can be managed well.
Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment method in which high doses of radiation are used to ***** cancer cells and shrink tumors. These high-energy particles may even damage or destroy cancer cells.
It can be used to slow the growth, cure cancer, or stop it from returning. There are two options for radiation treatments, external beam radiation therapy, and internal radiation therapy. The effects of radiation therapy may take days or weeks to see. This treatment is recommended for types of cancer such as prostate cancer and ***** cancer. It is best to consult the best oncologist to see if this type of treatment is right or not.
Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to ***** cancer cells throughout the body. Chemo is prescribed for almost all cancers; from solid tumors to hematologic malignancies.
The oncologist is responsible for determining the drugs or drug combinations that are to be used. The type and stage of cancer, patient’s age and overall health, and any prior cancer treatments are some of the main factors to consider when choosing a medication.
Immunotherapy is a major type of treatment that helps your immune system fight cancer. There are different types of immunotherapy including adoptive cell transfer, monoclonal antibodies, treatment vaccines, cytokines, and BCG treatment.
Targeted therapy is a common type of cancer treatment that focuses on the changes in cancer cells that help them grow, multiply, and spread. An oncologist targets specific vulnerabilities of cancer cells in this treatment option. First oncologists need to confirm specific profiles of cancer or tumor and if there is a targeted agent that will work. Most therapies are either monoclonal antibodies, small-molecule drugs that can ***** cells easily, or drugs that attach to the outer surface of the cells.
Hormone therapy is a therapy that slows or stops the growth of ***** and prostate cancers which use hormones to grow. You can also read the virology journal.
Stem Cell Transplant
Stem Cell Transplants or Therapy are procedures that restore healthy blood-forming stem cells in cancer patients who have their destroyed by very high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Precision medicine helps oncologists select treatments that are highly likely to help patients based on a genetic understanding of their disease.