@jauhar123 | Posted 04 Apr. 2019
A stem cell transplant replaces stem cells. It is practiced when stem cells or ***** marrow have been injured or destroyed by illness, including some types of cancer, or by high dosages of chemotherapy or radiation treatment related to treating cancer.
A stem cell transplant is also called , a ***** marrow operation – when the stem cells are obtained from the ***** marrow, a surface blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) – when the stem cells are obtained from the blood and a blood cell transplantation (BCT). In a stem cell transplantation, healthy stem cells are stored in your body to stimulate your ***** marrow to start to work correctly. The new stem cells manufacture healthy blood cells.
A stem cell transplant may be practiced to manage some cancers such as leukemia, multiple myeloma, lymphoma, and neuroblastoma. It may also be practiced after high-dose radiation and chemotherapy to treat the tumor. The type of operation is based on who provides the stem cells. Autologous transplants practice stem cells from your personal ***** marrow or blood.
A repeated autologous (tandem) transplantation means that you get 2 autologous transplants. Allogeneic transplants practice stem cells from someone else. The donor may be a sibling or someone who is not associated to you. A mini-transplant means that inexpensive portions of chemotherapy and distribution are performed before an allogeneic transplant.